Millions of lives at stake if cross-border aid channels close in Syria

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to renew the cross-border resolution (UNSCR 2533), expiring on 10 July, for the provision of humanitarian aid into northwest Syria. More than 4 million people residing in this area, more than half of whom are internally displaced people (IDPs), risk losing access to desperately needed humanitarian and medical aid if the resolution is not renewed.

From July 2014 through to early 2020, the cross-border resolution authorised four border crossings for the provision of humanitarian aid into Syria. It was reviewed and renewed annually by the UNSC, to maintain the flow of humanitarian aid into areas that are not under the control of the Syrian government.

In 2019 and 2020, Russia and China vetoed the renewal of the full cross-border resolution encompassing previously agreed upon border crossings, removing Bab Al-Salam, Al-Yarubiyah and Al-Ramtha from the list of approved humanitarian border crossing points.

“The Bab Al-Hawa crossing is currently the only lifeline for Idlib governorate... If this lifeline is cut off, we would face many forms of death.”

As a result, only one border crossing, Bab Al-Hawa, remains in the current cross-border resolution as a formal humanitarian crossing point into Syria. On 10 July 2021, the resolution will be submitted to a vote and this last access route into Syria is at risk of being closed.

Failure to renew the cross-border authorisation would further aggravate the already desperate humanitarian situation in northwest Syria. Humanitarian and medical aid would be drastically reduced and would take longer to reach people. As one of the few remaining medical organisations in the area, MSF would face increased challenges in reaching the most vulnerable people in northwest Syria.

Most hospitals and health facilities would lack the necessary medical supplies to operate, and patients’ lives would be put at risk. Furthermore, the COVID-19 response and vaccination campaign in the area also risks being jeopardised by the closure of the last remaining border-crossing point, including the flow of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), oxygen tanks, respirators, essential medications and COVID-19 vaccines.

MSF teams assess the medical and humanitarian needs in Al-Mishlab, east of Raqqa. Syria, November 2017 © DIALA GHASSAN/MSF

“After a decade of war, the renewal of the Security Council resolution is now more critical than ever,” explains Dr Faisal Omar, MSF Head of Mission for Syria. “The lives of millions of people, the majority of whom are women and children, depend on it.”

“While MSF is not a mandated implementing partner of the UN and does not rely solely on the UNSC resolution permitting cross-border importation of aid into Syria, our teams will surely feel the burden of any closure immediately,” sais Dr Omar. “We will not be able to fill the void if UN agencies and other organisations sharply reduce their aid in northwest Syria.”

Ongoing economic sanctions on Syria, in addition to a worsening economic crisis and currency devaluation in 2021, have already considerably degraded living conditions for people in all areas. According to UN agencies, food basket prices are up by more than 220%, while 80% of people remain living under the poverty line and 90% of children are now reliant on humanitarian aid.

“The Bab Al-Hawa crossing is currently the only lifeline for Idlib governorate, in northwest Syria”, says Abdulrahman M, MSF Field Coordinator for Syria. “If this lifeline is cut off, we would face many forms of death.”

“If the medical supply stops, we might lose our ability to treat patients, as our current stock can only last three months,” says Abdulrahman. “And if the supply of food and potable water stops, diseases and epidemics would affect the displaced and local people. Some people in this area have been displaced more than 14 times, and they are entirely reliant on humanitarian assistance.”

Over the past year, particularly during our response to the COVID-19 pandemic in northeast Syria, we have witnessed first-hand how the decision of the UN Security Council not to renew the UN cross-border aid mechanism, via the Al-Yarubiyah border crossing, has already created significant human suffering, preventing vital lifesaving assistance from reaching northeast Syria via Iraq. This scenario must not be repeated in the northwest this year.

MSF calls on permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council to renew the UNSCR cross-border resolution, as well as to reinstate the cross-border points of Bab Al-Salam crossing to the northwest and Al-Yarubiyah crossing to the northeast. Cross-borders remain the only viable humanitarian channels to cover growing needs in northern Syria.

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